Sunday, December 16, 2012

"No problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking." - Voltaire

The quote by Voltaire is an interesting one to remember by researchers. Once you decided to solve a research question and started literature review you need not abandon the problem totally at any time. The solution may take time and you may need to take breaks and divert your attention to some other activities, but if you are at it you are likely to solve it. Well sometimes you may not solve it, but if you still did some thinking and explored some ways to solve the problem and failed, you can leave your trail to somebody else. You may not be able to publish a paper on it. But you can still pass on your manuscripts. In this digital age, you can still self publish your research endeavour and leave the trail on online space.

Remember "No problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking."

Add the quote of Einstein

"The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them."

Thursday, December 6, 2012

Research Methods in Physical and Natural Sciences

Research Methods in Science - Introduction

Description - Describing what is happening in planetary movements.

Modeling - Developing a model of the phenomena being studied

Experimenting - Changing the inputs of an experiment or giving a treatment to a sample of subjects

Comparison - Examples: Comparing the health of smokers with the health of non-smokers

Process of Science

How to Do and Write Literature Review?

Literature review has to be done by every researcher to make a research proposal. The proposed research is trying to extend the understanding of a particular phenomenon. This necessarily implies that the researcher made a review of the present understanding of the phenomenon and identified the need for further understanding. In academic research that is knowledge enhancing research, literature review is done using research journals.

Read an interesting paper

A Systems Approach to Conduct an Effective Literature Review
Yair Levy and Timothy J. Ellis
Nova South Eastern University, Florida, USA
Informing Science Journal, Vol. 9, 2006

Video Lecture based on the above Paper

Effective Literature Review - Video Lecture by Yair Levy - Part 1/5 - YouTube Video












English Language to use in Literature Reviews







Structuring and Writing Literature Review

Introduction: Literature needs to have introductory paragraphy explain the focus of the literature review.

The suggestions are start from a broard area discussion to more specific topic close to your area of research.

Present the literature chronologically.

Where multiple themes or topics are there, present the review theme wise. Within each of these, chronological order needs to be followed.

Critical analysis of the papers brings out the areas of agreement and disagreement expressed by other scholars as well as the conclusion of the candidate writing literature review. Hence carefully reading the criticism of a paper by other scholars and evaluating it is important. The candidate has to make judgment whether the criticism is justified or not and if it is needed the candidate may correct the unjustified criticism or misrepresentation.

A concluding paragraph or section summarizes the key issues covered in the literature review and the gaps identified for further research.


The Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students (SAGE Study Skills Series)
Diana Ridley


Bryman 3 edition chapter