Sunday, July 21, 2013

Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide - Book Information

Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide
Marilyn Lichtman
SAGE Publications, 20-Jan-2012 - Education - 368 pages

Qualitative Research in Education: A User’s Guide, Third Edition continues to bring together the essential elements of qualitative research, including traditions and influences in the field and practical, step-by-step coverage of each stage of the research process. Synthesizing the best thinking on conducting qualitative research in education, Marilyn Lichtman uses a conversational writing style that draws readers into the excitement of the research process.

p. 168 has content on coding, categories and concepts

Steps Details
Step 1 Initial coding. Going from the responses to some central idea of the responses.
Step 2 Revising initial coding.
Step 3 Developing an initial list of categories or central ideas.
Step 4 Modifying your initial list based on additional rereading.
Step 5 Revisiting your categories and subcategories.
Step 6 Moving from categories into concepts (themes).

Thursday, July 18, 2013

Phenomenology: Use in Management and Business Research

Article with focus on Phenomenology in Management and Business Research

Ehrich, Lisa (2005) "Revisiting phenomenology: its potential for management
In Proceedings Challenges or organisations in global markets, British
Academy of Management Conference, pages pp. 1-13, Said Business School, Oxford

Sanders, P. (1982). Phenomenology: A new way of viewing organizational research.
The Academy of Management Review, 7, 353-360.

The Case for Qualitative Research
The Academy of Management Review,  Vol. 5, No. 4, Oct., 1980

Research Studies Using Phenomenology in Management Area

Crosetto, G.J. (2004). The experience of team emotion: A phenomenological study,
Doctor of Education dissertation (The George Washington University, 2004).
Dissertations Abstracts International, 65/03.

Ehrich, L.C. (1997). Principals and professional development: a phenomenological
study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology,
Gibson, S.K. & Hanes, L.A. (2003). The contribution of phenomenology to HRD
research. Human Resource Development Review, 2, 181-205.
Moreno, V. Jr (2001). The rupture and restructuring of professional self-identity: A
Phenomenological study of BPR experiences (Doctoral dissertation, University of
Michigan, 2001). Dissertations Abstracts International, 62/06.

The Meaning of Social Reality: Positivism vs. Phenomenology in Social Sciences
A Master thesis examining use of positivism and phenomenology in social sciences
(There are more dissertations on phenomenology in the above website)

Title: Phenomenology as a method for exploring management practice
 Author: Paschal Anosike; Lisa Catherine Ehrich; Pervaiz Ahmed
Journal: Int. J. of Management Practice, 2012 Vol.5, No.3, pp.205 - 224
 Abstract: Phenomenology is a term that has been described as a philosophy, a research paradigm, a methodology and equated with qualitative research. In this paper first we clarify phenomenology by tracing its movement both as a philosophy and as a research method. Next we make a case for the use of phenomenology in empirical investigations of management phenomena. The paper discusses a selection of central concepts pertaining to phenomenology as a scientific research method, which include description, phenomenological reduction and free imaginative variation. In particular, the paper elucidates the efficacy of Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological research praxis as a qualitative research method and how its utility can be applied in creating a deeper and richer understanding of management practice.

Husserl's Phenomenological Method in Management
Robert Shaw

Management and Transcendental Phenomenology: Strange Bedfellows?
By Patrick Bradbery.
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp.221-230. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 602.639KB).

Doing Research Projects in Marketing, Management and Consumer Research
Christopher E. Hackley
This book mainly focuses on interpretive or qualitative research approaches for academic research
Routledge, 2003 - Business & Economics - 210 pages
Google Book Link with preview facility

7th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies: Ecrm 2008
Academic Conferences Limited, 2008 - Business - 314 pages

  OK - 3122

Friday, July 12, 2013

Management Thesis Using Phenomenology or Qualitative Research Methods

Developing an EDC performance evaluation toolkit for affiliated and non-affiliated hoteliers


Thursday, July 11, 2013

Project Portfolio Management - Theory

Project Portfolio Management: Tools and Techniques
Parviz F. Rad, Ginger Levin, 01-Jan-2006 - Business & Economics - 144 pages
Does your organization want to achieve success in prioritizing projects systematically, deliberately, and logically? Project Portfolio Management Tools and Techniques is written to demonstrate how to elevate your organization's project management thinking to the level beyond managing individual projects in a standalone fashion. This book is for those executives and other project professional who strive to have a formalized system of authorizing the right projects and abandoning the wrong projects, who desire to spend resources in the most efficient manner, and who want to have an actionable strategic plan for improving organizational project management sophistication. Project Portfolio Management Tools and Techniques deals with the full spectrum of project portfolio management (PPM) functions, from selecting projects through formalized portfolio management processes to facilitating the successful execution of projects through creating a formalized, project-friendly environment. This book will aid you in the implement of a PPM system, assist in gaining the necessary commitment from executive management, and provide guidelines for the modification of operational practices. Get ahead of the game by seeing a comprehensive project portfolio model that can help you establish yours successfully!

A literature review is included in the book
Google Book Link with Preview facility

Phenomenology: An Introduction




A research strategy provides the overall direction of the research. Deciding between theoretical or empirical research is an important decision in research strategy. Theoretical research requires intensive textual investigation while empirical research requires primary data collection and use of secondary data. Theoretical research is more intellectually demanding and the risk of failure is greater than empirical work.

In empirical research, there are two research orientations: positivistic and phenomenological.

Phenomenology has origins in social sciences, especially in Psychology, where it has developed into a recognized branch of the discipline.

Phenomenology – Definitions

Cohen and Manion (1987): ’Phenomenology is a theoretical point of view that advocates the study of direct experience taken at face value; and one which sees behaviour as determined by the phenomena of experience rather than by external, objective and physically described reality.’

Rudestein and Newton (1992):  “Phenomenology attempts to describe and elucidate the meanings of human experience.”

Camus (O’ Brien,1965): “Phenomenology declines to explain the world, it wants to be merely a description of actual experience.” 

Boland (1985): “Phenomenology is a term that carries a great deal of ambiguity along with its sometimes confused and faddish use.”

Phenomenology – Explanation

The central premise is that the researcher should be concerned to understand phenomena in depth and that this understanding should result from attempting to find tentative answers to questions such as ‘What?’  ‘Why?’ and ‘How?’

Phenomenology contends that such understanding is essential and will not come from answering the questions ‘How many?’ or ‘How much?’

Phenomenology assumes that knowledge can be gained by concentrating on phenomena experienced by people.

At the heart of the phenomenology is the relationship between self and society, as expressed in the work of Mead (1934), the originator of phenomenological psychology.

Clegg and Dunkerley (1980) took the position that in research involving people, the variables being manipulated could not be treated as independent of the ‘meaning which individuals assigned to them. This is one of the fundamental assumptions of phenomenological researchers. People have the ability to think, argue, and experience the world of events in idiosyncratic ways. The positivistic research strategy cannot deliver an understanding of these human dimensions.

Resources on the web

Phenomenology as Research Method, by Beverley Campbell,
Victoria University of Technology

Ehrich, Lisa (2005) "Revisiting phenomenology: its potential for management
In Proceedings Challenges or organisations in global markets, British
Academy of Management Conference, pages pp. 1-13, Said Business School, Oxford

Hawley, Georgina, A phenomenological study of the health-care related spiritual needs of multicultural Western Australians, Ph d thesis, 2002

Unwin, Bren Carolyn, Phenomenology and Landscape Experience: A Critical Appraisal For Contemporary Art Practice

My Thesis Prospectus

Durie, Robin, Phenomenology and Deconstruction

Marlow, Susan Anne, A Voyage of Grief and Beauty: a Phenomenological Study of the Experience of Supporting a Family Member with an Intellectual Disability Who is Dying in a Community Setting

Phenomenology as an Educational Research Method--van Manen

Interpretation in Phenomenology

Phenomenology, Interpretation, and Community (Google eBook)
Leonore Langsdorf, Stephen H. Watson, E. Marya Bower

SUNY Press, 1996 - Philosophy - 295 pages
Google Book Link with preview facility

Phenomenological Interpretation of Kant's Critique of Reason
by Martin Heidegger
Google book link

The Role and Influence of Interpretation in Hermeneuticphenomenological Research
Currents: New Scholarship in the Human Services, 2008

  OK - 34

Sunday, July 7, 2013

Case Study Research - Theses, Dissertations and Papers

Tommi Lehtonen
Helsinki University of Technology
BIT Research Centre
Innovation Management Institute
Multiple case studies were used in this dissertation. It is a theory building research by a masters students in IE&M course.

Saturday, July 6, 2013

Modern and Post Modern Portfolio Theories

Post-modern portfolio theory supports diversification in an investment portfolio to measure investment's
Rasiah, Devinaga (2012) : Post-modern portfolio theory supports
diversification in an investment portfolio to measure investment's performance, Journal of
Finance and Investment Analysis, ISSN 2241-0996, International Scientific Press, Vol. 1, Iss. 1,
pp. 69-91

Portfolio Selection in the Presence of Multiple Criteria
Ralph E. Steuer, Yue Qi, Markus Hirschberger
Published in: Handbook of Financial Engineering, Springer
Science, New York, (2008), pp. 3-24

Four Moment Portfolio Theory and Tests

Mean-Variance-Skewness-Kurtosis Portfolio
Optimization with Return and Liquidity
Xiaoxin W. Beardsley, Brian Field and Mingqing Xiao
Communications in Mathematical Finance, vol. 1, no.1, 2012, 13-49
ISSN: 2241 – 1968 (print), 2241 – 195X (online)
Scienpress Ltd, 2012

Gülder KEMALBAY,  C. Murat ÖZKUT and Ceki FRANKO
Ekonometri ve İstatistik Sayı:13 (12. Uluslararası Ekonometri, Yöneylem
Araştırması, İstatistik Sempozyumu Özel Sayısı) 2011 41–61
(Search Google for online document)

Multi-Factor Capital Asset Pricing Models - Theory and Tests

An Empirical and Theoretical Analysis of Capital Asset Pricing Model
Mohammad Sharifzadeh
Universal-Publishers, 18-Nov-2010
Google book with preview link
The problem addressed in this dissertation research was the inability of the single-factor capital asset pricing model (CAPM) to identify relevant risk factors that investors consider in forming their return expectations for investing in individual stocks. Identifying the appropriate risk factors is important for investment decision making and is pertinent to the formation of stocks' prices in the stock market. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine theoretical and empirical validity of the CAPM and to develop and test a multifactor model to address and resolve the empirical shortcomings of the single-factor CAPM. To verify the empirical validity of the standard CAPM and of the multifactor model, five hypotheses were developed and tested against historical monthly data for U.S. public companies. Testing the CAPM hypothesis revealed that the explanatory power of the overall stock market rate of return in explaining individual stock's expected rates of return is very weak, suggesting the existence of other risk factors. Testing of the other hypotheses verified that the implied volatility of the overall market as a systematic risk factor and the companies' size and financial leverage as nonsystematic risk factors are important in determining stock's expected returns and investors should consider these factors in their investment decisions.

How to price hedge funds
From two to four moment CAPM

Cognitive Dissonance Theory and Tests

Cognitive Dissonance: 50 Years of a Classic Theory (Google eBook)
Joel Cooper
SAGE, 27-Mar-2007 - Psychology - 216 pages
In marking the 50th anniversary of the theory's inception, Joel Cooper - arguably the scholar most associated with dissonance research in the past few decades - has presented a beautiful, modern and comprehensive analysis of the state of dissonance theory. This book charts the progress of dissonance theory, assessing its impact not only within our understanding of psychology but in everyday experiences as well. It should be important reading for students in social psychology, either undergraduate or graduate, but equally relevant to a host of other readers who need to understand or share the same passions for appreciating the significance of cognitive dissonance in the human psyche.
Google Book link with preview facility

Perspectives on Cognitive Dissonance (Google eBook)
R. A. Wicklund, J. W. Brehm
Psychology Press, 15-Apr-2013 - Psychology - 348 pages
Published in 1976, Perspectives on Cognitive Dissonance is a valuable contribution to the field of Social Psychology.
Google Book link with preview facility

The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance and Experimental Research
Oshikawa, Sadaomi
November 1968
SOURCEJournal of Marketing Research (JMR);Nov68, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p429

Johns Hopkins University
Psychological Bulletin, VOL. 61, No. 1 JANUARY 1964, Pp. 1-22
This article reviews critically the experimental evidence in support of
cognitive dissonance theory as applied to complex social events. The
criticisms which can be made of this literature fall into 2 main classes.
1st, the experimental manipulations are usually so complex and the
crucial variables so confounded that no valid conclusions can be drawn
from the data. 2nd, a number of fundamental methodological inadequacies in the analysis of results—as, e.g., rejection of cases and faulty
statistical analysis of the data—vitiate the findings. As a result, one
can only say that the evidence adduced for cognitive dissonance theory
is inconclusive. Suggestions are offered for the methodological improvement of studies in this area. The review concludes with the thesis that
the most attractive feature of cognitive dissonance theory, its simplicity,
is in actual fact a self-defeating limitation.

Friday, July 5, 2013

Share Holder Value - Dumbest Idea

No popular idea ever has a single origin. But the idea that the sole purpose of a firm is to make money for its shareholders got going in a major way with an article by Milton Friedman in the New York Times on September 13, 1970.

“In a free-enterprise, private-property sys­tem,” the article states flatly at the outset as an obvious truth requiring no justification or proof, “a corporate executive is an employee of the owners of the business,” namely the shareholders.

The executive is an employee of the corporation.

What’s interesting is that while the article jettisons one legal reality—the corporation—as a mere legal fiction, it rests its entire argument on another legal reality—the law of agency—as the foundation for the conclusions.

The article thus picks and chooses which parts of legal reality are mere “legal fictions” to be ignored and which parts are “rock-solid foundations” for public policy. The choice depends on the predetermined conclusion that is sought to be proved.

Steve Denning’s most recent book is: The Leader’s Guide to Radical Management (Jossey-Bass, 2010).

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