French and Bell (1978) defined it as: The process of systematically collecting research data about an ongoing system relative to some objective, goal or need of that system; feeding these data back into the system, taking action by altering selected variable within the system based both on the data and on hypotheses; and evaluating the results of the actions by collecting more data.
Action research essentially involves:
* taking a static picture of the organisational situation
* formulating a hypotheses based on the picture
* the manipulation of variables in control of the researcher
* taking and evaluating a second static picture of the situation.
Doing Research in Business and Management - Dan Remenyi et al.
"Action research...aims to contribute both to the practical concerns of people in an immediate problematic situation and to further the goals of social science simultaneously. Thus, there is a dual commitment in action research to study a system and concurrently to collaborate with members of the system in changing it in what is together regarded as a desirable direction. Accomplishing this twin goal requires the active collaboration of researcher and client, and thus it stresses the importance of co-learning as a primary aspect of the research process."
Editors, Action Reseach Journal
Ethnographic Action Research - 9 projects - Report on use of ICT in Poverty Reduction
Action Research Project - Zero budget natural farminghttp://www.atimysore.gov.in/PDF/action_research1.pdf
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Updated 28 Jan 2016, 7 Jan 2012